Sustainable agriculture seeks to sustain resources, farmers, and the environment by encouraging practices and methods of farming that are profitable, eco-friendly, and environmentally sound.
The goal of sustainable agriculture is to satisfy the food and fiber needs of people, while simultaneously improving the quality of the environment, as well as natural resources/
An additional aim is to use non-renewable resources and on-farm resources efficiently, to help sustain the economic viability of farm operation. The goal is to elevate both the quality of life of the farmer and society.
Benefits of Sustainable Agriculture
Sustainable agriculture has a lot of benefits to offer to both people and the environment.
Crops grown through sustainable agriculture usually don’t contain chemical fertilizers or pesticides. This cuts down on synthetic materials which may not be ideal for human exposure. This is believed to reduce the risk of illness from exposure to chemical and fertilizers.
Plants and animal products produced through sustainable agriculture are also more natural, and tend to be more nutritious.
Sustainable agriculture also affects the environment positively by using 30% less energy for every unit of crop yield when compared with industrialized agriculture. Unlike traditional agriculture, fossil fuels are not used as the major form of energy, thus reducing environmental pollution.
This method of agriculture also helps maintain the quality of the soil, reducing soil erosion and degradation. Sustainable agriculture provides various organisms with a healthy and natural habitat to exist, improving the biodiversity of the environment.
Though sustainable agriculture has helped promote farming practices that are healthy for both people and the environment, there are sometimes some concerns about how much food is produced.
The quantity of crops resulting from sustainable agriculture does not always equal the yield of industrialized agriculture, but one could argue that the quality makes up for this, especially if things like soil erosion are reduced. More human labor is also needed to work on farmlands when sustainable farming is used.
Nevertheless, what is sustainable agriculture has made it possible for us to have access to highly nutritional crops that are healthier for consumption.